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Community Service Program
Society tends to lump seniors into the "bad memory" category. That's not necessarily accurate. The mature brain rivals the younger brain when performing tasks requiring organization, planning and the manipulation of information. However, with age there is normally a slight decline in attention, certain aspects of language (names, etc.), visuospatial skills (depth perception, etc.) and memory. And concentration seems to be more difficult. The brain is working effectively. It just takes an increased effort to compensate for some of the capabilities that used to be taken for granted.
One process that demands this effort is the transfer of information from temporary to permanent storage. During this stage, information is "encoded" so that it can be retrieved when needed. Decreases in attention and concentration can prevent this critical step from taking place. Distractions (aches, vision and hearing impairments, reactions to medications) can hinder the focus necessary to complete encoding. Depression, anxiety and insomnia can sap the energy necessary to complete the process.
How do seniors overcome encoding problems? Some use sheer determination. This gives them the focus they need to complete the process. Others go by the philosophy of "use it or lose it". So they keep their minds and lives active. (Bridge and bingo have shown to have positive effects on memory.) And some use medications to increase energy levels and deal with their medical distractions. With the extra effort, seniors can keep their minds sharper and disprove the stereotype